Distillation is a method of separating chemical substances based on differences in their volatilities in a boiling liquid mixture.
Commercially, distillation has a number of uses.
It is used to separate crude oil into more fractions for specific uses such as transport, power generation and heating.
Distillation of fermented solutions has been used since ancient times to produce distilled beverages with a higher alcohol content.
Water is distilled to remove impurities, such as salt from sea water.
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