Sanitary engineering is the application of scientific or mathematical principles to the field of sanitation, especially in regards to its effect on public health.


The term sanitary engineering is sometimes viewed as an obsolete term for environmental engineering. It is, however, more limited in its scope and is not concerned with environmental factors that do not have an immediate and clearly understood effect on public health.

Public healthEdit

Although sometimes considered synonymous with sanitary science, the phrase sanitary engineering refers specifically to an applied science in which engineering principles are utilised in regards to its effect on public health.

Final aimEdit

Skills within this field are usually employed for the primary goal of disease prevention within living beings by assuring a supply of healthy drinking water, removing garbage from inhabited areas, and so on.


Sanitary engineering is a very interdisciplinary field which may involve many divisions within environmental science and environmental technology. In some cases, considerations that fall within the field of social sciences must be thought of, as well.


Although sanitary engineering may be most associated with the design of sewers, sewage treatment and waste water treatment, facilities such as recycling centers, public landfills and other things are also constructed.

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